OFFSHORE: THE OPEN SEA IS THE NEW FRONTIER OF WIND POWER
After fire energy, along with water energy, wind is the oldest source of renewable energy used by mankind.
WIND POWER: THE “WINDMILLS” OF THE SEA
This is the process of harnessing wind to generate mechanical power or electricity. At present the energy is converted through wind power plants, whereas originally it was used directly as motive power, for example in windmills.
Humans have always harnessed the power of the wind. Sailors used wind to navigate the seas, farmers used windmills to grind grain, and to power water pumps for livestock. Now, modern technology allows us to generate clean, renewable energy from offshore wind.
Offshore wind turbines are already being used successfully in Europe and other parts of the world. Offshore winds are generally more reliable and stronger than onshore winds. Harnessing the power of offshore winds will help our country meet its energy transition goals without further land use to build a modern, clean energy economy and ensure healthy, sustainable communities.
Governments around the world are working to reduce carbon emissions and move away from fossil fuels such as coal and oil. Offshore wind is an excellent source of clean and reliable renewable energy: the wind blowing off the Italian coast is a vast reserve of untapped energy.
Italians are calling for the pursuit of sustainable industrial models and energy policies to meet the country's energy needs. Wind energy has zero emissions and, unlike other energy sources, it does not pose risks to the environment.
SUSTAINABILITY, TODAY AND TOMORROW
Italians want healthy, safe, and dynamic communities, and offshore wind can help realize this sustainable future. Replacing power plants that burn fossil fuels with clean offshore wind turbines will help improve the air we breathe, provide modern job opportunities for the 21st century economy, and support Italy's path to energy independence.
The design of offshore wind farms must take into account strict environmental parameters aimed at protecting birdlife, marine species and habitat. We are committed to ensuring efficient and respectful management of our seas and marine ecosystems. Offshore wind is truly a responsible, renewable and sustainable source of energy to meet our country's needs.
EMPLOYMENT AND DEVELOPMENT
Offshore wind farms will create and support highly skilled jobs – engineers, building contractors, surveyors, scientists and craftspeople - at a local and national level. Offshore wind projects can help revitalise multiple manufacturing sectors and ports in the areas concerned, and will be an incredible driving force for the creation of entire value chains and the premise of supporting a stable, qualified workforce for decades.
The offshore wind industry already employs tens of thousands of workers in Europe. Wind energy projects typically require hundreds of different products and components. Skilled labor is required to build, assemble, and maintain wind turbines and the infrastructure that supports them.
Wind is one of the natural sources in which our country is rich, especially in areas now considered disadvantaged.